Approximation theorems for the Schrödinger equation and the reconnection of quantum vortices in Bose-Einstein condensates

Approximation theorems for the Schrödinger equation and the reconnection of quantum vortices in Bose-Einstein condensates

-
Alberto Enciso, ICMAT

Please note that this seminar will take place online via Zoom. You can connect to this seminar via the following link:

https://princeton.zoom.us/j/514560553

The Gross--Pitaevskii equation is a nonlinear Schrödinger equation that models the behavior of a Bose-Einstein condensate. The quantum vortices of the condensate are defined by the zero set of the wave function at time $t$. In this talk we will present recent work about how these quantum vortices can break and reconnect in arbitrarily complicated ways. As observed in the physics literature, the distance between the vortices near the breakdown time, say t=0, scales like the square root of t: it is the so-called $t^{1/2}$ law. At the heart of the proof lies a remarkable global approximation property for the linear Schrödinger equation. The talk is based on joint work with Daniel Peralta-Salas.