Root number correlation bias of Fourier coefficients of modular forms

Nina Zubrilina, Princeton University
IAS - Simonyi Hall Seminar Room SH-101

In-Person and Online Talk 

In a recent machine learning based study, He, Lee, Oliver, and Pozdnyakov observed a striking oscillating pattern in the average value of the P-th Frobenius trace of elliptic curves of prescribed rank and conductor in an interval range. Sutherland discovered that this bias extends to Dirichlet coefficients of a much broader class of arithmetic L-functions when split by root number.

In my talk, I will discuss this root number correlation bias when the average is taken over weight 2 modular newforms of all Galois orbit sizes simultaneously. I will point to a source of this phenomenon in this case and compute the correlation function exactly.