Higher order Fourier analysis and solving equations in dense sets

Higher order Fourier analysis and solving equations in dense sets

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Sarah Peluse, Princeton University

What's Happening in Fine Hall

Zoom link: https://princeton.zoom.us/j/93918876391

Passcode: 803011

Several of the most important problems in combinatorial number theory ask for the size of the largest subset of some abelian group or interval of integers lacking points in some arithmetic configuration. One example of such a question is "What is the largest subset of {1,...,N} with no nontrivial k-term arithmetic progressions x,x+y,...,x+(k-1)y?". Gowers initiated the study of higher order Fourier analysis while seeking to answer this question, and used it to give the first reasonable quantitative bounds.

In this talk, I'll discuss what higher order Fourier analysis is and why it is relevant to the study of k-term arithmetic progressions and other arithmetic configurations.