Effective height bounds for odd-degree totally real points on some curves

Effective height bounds for odd-degree totally real points on some curves

Levent Alpoge, Columbia University

Zoom link:  https://princeton.zoom.us/j/97126136441

Password: the three digit integer that is the cube of the sum of its digits

Let \o be an order in a totally real field, say F. Let K be an odd-degree totally real field. Let S be a finite set of places of K. We study S-integral K-points on integral models H_\o of Hilbert modular varieties because not only do said varieties admit complete curves (thus reducing questions about such curves' K-rational points to questions about S-integral K-points on these integral models), they also have their S-integral K-points controlled by known cases of modularity, in the following way. First assume for clarity modularity of all \GL_2-type abelian varieties over K --- then all S-integral K-points on H_\o arise from K-isogeny factors of the [F:\Q]-th power of the Jacobian of a single Shimura curve with level structure (by Jacquet-Langlands transfer). By a generalization of an argument of von Känel, isogeny estimates of Raynaud/Masser-Wüstholz and Bost's lower bound on the Faltings height suffice to then bound the heights of all points in H_\o(\o_{K,S}). As for the assumption, though modularity is of course not known in this generality, by following Taylor's (sufficiently explicit for us) proof of his potential modularity theorem we are able to make the above unconditional.

Finally we use the hypergeometric abelian varieties associated to the arithmetic triangle group \Delta(3,6,6) to give explicit examples of curves to which the above height bounds apply. Specifically, we prove that, for a\in \Qbar^\times totally real of odd degree (e.g. a = 1) and L/\Q(a) totally real of odd degree, there is an effectively computable c = c_{a,L}\in \Z^+ such that all x,y\in L satisfying x^6 + 4y^3 = a^2 satisfy h(x) < c. Note that this gives infinitely many curves for each of which Faltings' theorem is now effective over infinitely many number fields.