Probabilistic global well-posedness of the energy-critical defocusing nonlinear wave equation bellow the energy space

Probabilistic global well-posedness of the energy-critical defocusing nonlinear wave equation bellow the energy space

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Oana Pocovnicu , Herriot-Watt University
Fine Hall 322

We consider the energy-critical defocusing nonlinear wave equation (NLW) on $R^d$, $d = 3, 4, 5$. In the deterministic setting, Christ, Colliander, and Tao showed that this equation is ill-posed below the energy space $H^1× L^2$. In this talk, we take a probabilistic approach. More precisely, we prove almost sure global existence and uniqueness for NLW with rough random initial data below the energy space. The randomization that we use is naturally associated with the Wiener decomposition and with modulation spaces. The proof is based on a probabilistic perturbation theory and on probabilistic energy bounds. Secondly, we prove analogous results in the periodic setting, for the energy-critical NLW on $T^d$, $d = 3, 4, 5$. The main idea is to use the finite speed of propagation to reduce the problem on $T^d$ to a problem on Euclidean spaces. If time allows, we will briefly discuss how the above strategy also yields a conditional almost sure global well-posedness result below the scaling critical regularity, for the defocusing cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation on Euclidean spaces. This talk is partially based on joint work with Tadahiro Oh and on joint work with Árpád Bényi and Tadahiro Oh.