Independent sets, local algorithms and random regular graphs

Independent sets, local algorithms and random regular graphs

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Mustazee Rahman , MIT
Fine Hall 224

An ''ndependent set'' in a graph is a set of vertices that have no edges between them. How large can an independent set be in a random d-regular graph? How large can it be if we are to construct it using a (possibly randomized) algorithm that is local in nature? I will discuss a notion of local algorithms for combinatorial optimization problems on large, random d-regular graphs. Then I will explain why, for asymptotically large d, local algorithms can only produce independent sets of size at most half of the largest ones. The factor of 1/2 turns out to be optimal. Joint work with Balint Virag.